Toxic environments, as evidenced by human exposure to dirty water or polluted air, are deadly for everyone.
When the police shoot first and fill quotas, they are are also toxic.
To connect these dots completely, we must understand how police brutality and toxic environments are inextricable forms of violence that impact communities.
Time and time again, we see Black people murdered by a relentless police institution that operates with impunity. In 2017, Kiwi Herring, a Black transgender woman, was shot and killed by police. Back in 2014, Tamir Rice was 12 years old when he was murdered by a police officer in Ohio. Walter Scott was shot multiple times in the back by a police officer. Trayvon Martin was murdered by the very person who had been entrusted to protect the property of people within his community. In June 2018, 17-year-old Antwon Rose was unarmed when he was shot by an East Pittsburgh police officer.
Last month, Chinedu Okobi died after being tased by officers in San Francisco; in 2012, Rekia Boyd was shot in the head by an off-duty police officer; 37-year-old Natasha McKenna was shocked by police with a taser, which caused her to go into cardiac arrest—McKenna died as a result.
These horrific murders of Black people provide evidence that the police aren’t concerned with the well-being of communities of color. Families have been destroyed because of police officers’ careless, knee-jerk reactions.
Property before people: cars, houses, apartments and aesthetics too often become the motivating operations for police action, which is too often violent.
Anti-blackness encapsulates a subconscious (and false) bias that interprets Black people as inherently dangerous. The deadly violence this mindset can produce is often an automatic occurrence. In this mindset, Black life is always expendable. In the capacious medium of anti-blackness, where a police state functions separately from civil society, above norms dignity and accountability, the police seek to care first for those who have moved in to displace and gentrify.
As an institution with roots in pre-Civil War “slave patrols,” the police are necessary to maintain the byproducts of an obsessive preoccupation with wealth - police officers are often driven to serve and protect property before people, a product of the United States' history of the enslavement of African people and the dispossession of land from indigenous communities.
It is this need to steal and protect “property,” which drove the creation of the America we know today. False assumptions about protecting property, have brought about, time and again, the dehumanization and murder of Black people at the hands of the state.
My anti-capitalist, pro-life stance advocates for Safety Beyond Policing, where community members are equipped with verbal deescalation techniques, and other forms of proactive community-based solutions such as access to preventive health care, educational programs, free housing, healthy food options, and reliable transportation. The logic here is that when we focus on building communities, a police presence is unnecessary.
To envision a Freedom City, one must oppose the cities and towns in America that allow Black people to die as a corollary of state-sanctioned violence.
Violence must be understood as assuming various topographies, which differ in degree, intensity and frequency. Violence is considered to be bloody, visceral and inflicted on the body of a person in a way that is shocking and traumatic for the victim. We see violence as being active, painful and abhorrent. But violence can also be subtle, cumulative and gradually apparent.
Violence can appear in small, but sharp bursts. Only when these bursts of violence accumulate, do we encounter the seriousness of it all. In Flint, Michigan, many were exposed to contaminated water, which, over time, was detrimental to their health and well-being—this was a form of violence. Further, people of color who are incarcerated have been exposed to toxic substances leading to a deterioration in their health and the development of deadly diseases.
In a San Francisco jail, exposure to raw sewage has caused a number of health problems for individuals who are incarcerated, including breathing problems and skin rashes. People have been left to endure these horrendous conditions for over a year—this is a form of violence. Similarly, children of color have been forced to sit in classrooms, which are not adequately heated and healthy food options aren’t as accessible to them.
None of this is complicated—for children to thrive, they need adequate nourishment, shelter, warmth and clean water. They need to play in public spaces without fear of being shot by police.
The violence associated with a polluted environment is synonymous with the violence inflicted by police. We must understand how this violence intersects and demand an incompatible alternative to what we now endure.
We must create a world in which we are fully equipped to keep each other safe.